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Subsubsection 8.3.1.3: Elements too distorted Up Subsection 8.3.1: Inverted elements Subsubsection 8.3.1.5: Rigid body modes

#### 8.3.1.4 Shells are too thick

A shell is an element where it is assumed that one dimension is much smaller compared to the other two directions. When the mesh is really fine, this assumption may no longer be valid and it could happen that the shell becomes too thick. When a shell gets too thick it can create negative Jacobians in the out-of-plane integration points, especially in areas of high curvature. To overcome this, you may need to remesh the affected area, adjust the shell thickness or even replace the shells with solid elements.
Subsubsection 8.3.1.3: Elements too distorted Up Subsection 8.3.1: Inverted elements Subsubsection 8.3.1.5: Rigid body modes