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2.5 Biphasic Material
Biphasic materials may be used to model deformable porous media. A biphasic material represents a mixture of a porous permeable solid and an interstitial fluid. Each constituent is intrinsically incompressible, but the mixture may change volume as interstitial fluid is exchanged with the pore space of the solid. Biphasic materials require the explicit modeling of fluid that permeates the solid. The biphasic material model is useful to simulate materials that show flow-dependent viscoelastic behavior resulting from the frictional interactions of the fluid and solid. Several biological materials such as cartilage can be described more accurately this way.